—Learning Western Culture Bit by Bit
1.toot one's own horn(＝boast)炫耀，自吹自擂
Michael's last novel was a best seller. He has no need to toot his own horn about his literary accomplishments. His readers and critics alike will now become aware of his talent. He won't have to boast about his skill and success as a writer.
2.stick to one's guns(＝maintain one's position ) 固执己见，坚守立场
In spite of the fact that it was inadvisable to have a controversial figure address the club, the chairman stuck to his guns and insisted that it would make good sense to hear the other side of the question before taking a vote on the issue. He maintained his opinion and position on the matter, even though a number of members tried to make him change his mind.
3.get the baⅠI roIIing(＝initiate action) 启动，使蓬勃发展
Look! You've been talking about repairing the roof for weeks now. Don't you think it's about time to get the ball rolling?
I know, but I've been busy with other things. I promise I'll get to it this weekend.
The time to start doing it is right now! According to the weather report it's supposed to rain tomorrow.
4.mind one's P’s and Q’s (＝take care in speech and action) 注意言行
Listen, Larry. If you want an invitation to Clarissa's party you'd better mind your P's and Q's.
But I haven't been doing anything to offend her.
I'll tell you one thing. You're going to have to be careful of what you say and how you act around Susan.
Come on! Susan and I are just friends.
I know that, but Clarissa is the jealous type. She's liable to think that something is going on between the two of you.
5.hang on(＝persevere ) 坚持
During the depression years the Smiths had a great deal of trouble with their business, but somehow or other they were able to hang on. Although they almost lost their store, they managed to persevere until things got better.
6.give it one's best shot(＝try hard) 努力，尽力而为
Can you do anything about repairing this TV set?
I'm not much of an electrician, but I'll give it my best shot.
Many thanks. I'd be most appreciative.
OK. I'll try my hardest to fix it, but I'm not promising that I'll succeed.
At this point, I'll take all the help I can get.
7.make ends meet(＝pay one's bills) 收支相抵
It's almost impossible trying to keep up with the high cost of living.
It's true. Things are so expensive nowadays that it's very difficult to make ends meet.
You know, even with Lucie's salary, our combined income is hardly enough to pay all the bills.
8.get the jump on someone(＝get the advantage over someone) 占某人的上风，抢先一步
Did you have a nice time at the school dance last night?
To tell you the truth, I would have enjoyed myself more if I had been able to go with Teresa instead of Elena.
Why didn't you ask Teresa in the first place?
I was about to, but Benito got the jump on me.
How did he manage to do that?
He got the advantage over me by telling Teresa that if she went with him, he'd take her out to dinner and then to the dance in his brand new convertible.
Well, now, she can hardly be blamed for accepting an offer like that!
9.puII strings(＝exert influence) 施加影响）
Steven had been unsuccessful in getting tickets for the opening game of the season. However, he pulled some strings with the manager of the team and got excellent seats. There's no doubt that he got the tickets only by exerting his influence with a person important enough to help him get what he wanted.
10. spread oneself too thin (＝become involved in too many activities ) 事务缠身
Although Teresa has always been an excellent student,her marks have been going down lately because she is spreading herself too thin. Besides spending a great deal of time in after-school sports, she got a part-time job as a clerk in a department store. It's only natural that her grades would suffer. She is becoming involved in so many activities that she cannot devote the time that it takes to excel in any one of them.
11.go to bat for someone(＝help out and support someone) 帮助和支持某人
Is it true that Don got into some trouble at work last week?
Yes, he did. He was reproached for not turning in his sales reports, but his secretary went to bat for him.
What was she able to do?
She helped him out a great deal by admitting that she had misplaced the reports that he gave her to be typed.
So, it was her fault, not his.
12.duck soup(＝easy, effortless) 轻松，不费力
Can you help me hook up my new stereo equipment? I'm having quite a bit of trouble with all these connections.
Sure. That's duck soup for me.
Well, with all your experience in electronics, I have no doubt that it will be very easy for you to do.
No problem. Glad to help out.
声明：本文根据Harry CoIⅠis 著《101个美国英语成语》相关章节编译。如有侵权，联系删除。欢迎阅读！感谢关注！持续推送中。