—Learning Western Culture Bit by Bit
Harry CoIⅠis 列举到的12个美国英语成语，都在不同程度上涉及到人体部位和器官的参与，因此，将这种语言现象称之为成语的“全身运动”，不是沒有道理的。请看：
1.get in someone's hair(＝bother someone)打扰某人
I know that the children get in your hair, but you should try not to let it upset you so much.
I can't help it. The children bother me and make me very angry when they're so noisy and messy.
2.shoot off one's mouth(＝express one's opinions loudly)大声说出自己的意见
Jim doesn't play tennis very much, but he's alway shooting off his mouth about how good he is.
Jim is somewhat of a braggart and everyone knows that he gives opinions without knowing all the facts and talks as if he knew everything about the game.
3.jump down someone's throat（＝become very angry with someone）对某人非常生气
That's it, Greg! You'd better not come in after midnight again tonight!
I know, dad. You don't have to jump down my throat!
Well, you've said that before and in you come at 2:30 in the morning. You can't blame me for getting angry and scolding you. I've got good reason.
4.pay through the nose(＝pay too high a price)付出高昂的代价
At last Mr. Smith came upon the rare stamp he had been seeking at an auction. Since many other stamp collectors would also be bidding for it, he realized that he would have to pay through the nose in order to have it.After considering the increasing value of the stamp, he decided that he would not mind paying such a high price for something so rare.
5.pull someone's leg（＝fool someone)愚弄某人
Hey, Al. I was invited to be a judge for the Miss America Beauty Pageant!
Oh, really? Come on, you're pulling my leg!
Do you really think that I'm trying to fool you with a ridiculous story? I can assure you that this one is for real.
6.pⅠay it by ear(＝improvise as one goes along)随心所欲
Let's go to the movies, agreed?
Sure. And what'll we do after that?
Oh, I don't know. Let's play it by ear.It's always more fun not knowing what to expect and deciding what to do as we go along.
7.stick out one's neck(＝take a risk)冒风险
How come they're asking me to act as their guide through the jungle? That jungle has danger lurking around every corner.Why should I stick my neck out for them? They didn't pay me for my services.
They know that you would be taking a great risk and could possibly get hurt, but I'm sure you'll be amply rewarded
8.shake a Ieg(＝hurry!)快点
Mary, you always take such a long time to put on your makeup. Come on, shake a leg!
I'll be finished in a minute. Be patient.
You've got to hurry or else we won't arrive on time to see the last show.
Hey, Bea. Can you help me out? I don't seem to be able to button up the back of my dress.I guess I'm all thumbs because I'm so nervous.
Take it easy！I suppose that being so nervous would make you clumsy and awkward.
10.not have a Ieg to stand on(＝to have no good defense for one's opinions or actions)对自己的意见或行动没有充足的理由
Tom maintains that the firm owes him some back wages for having worked overtime. However, he won't have a leg to stand on unless he can prove that he put in all those extra hours. He doesn't stand a chance of getting his money without a strong foundation of facts to support his position.
11.get off one's back(＝stop bothering someone)停止打扰某人
Hey, John. I'm bored. Come on, let's go out and do something.
Get off my back! I can't go anywhere!
OK. I'll stop bothering you only if you promise to let me know the minute you're finished.
Why were you teasing Sonia about her new hairdo? She really took offense at what you said.
I didn't mean to offend her. I was simply making a tongue-in-cheek remark when I said that it was too elaborate for a girl of her young, tender age.
Well, she thought you were serious. She had no idea that you were just saying that as a joke.
声明：本文根据Harry CoIⅠis 著《101个美国英语成语》相关章节编译。如有侵权，联系删除。欢迎阅读！感谢关注！持续推送中。